FCM is found in all citrus production areas of southern Africa.
It closely resembles the litchi moth and the macadamia nut borer. Young and newly hatched larvae, which are about 1mm in length, are creamy-white with a dark brown to black head. The adult moth is an inconspicuous nocturnal moth that is seldom noticed in citrus orchards. It has a variable mottled grey colour with a plume of grey scales on the upper body.